Whey-Based Ingredients Used In Food Rose 15.8% In 2019: ADPI Survey

The whey-based dairy ingredients reported as being utilized domestically in human foods last year totaled 1.406 billion pounds, up 15.8 percent from 2018, according to the American Dairy Products Institute’s (ADPI) recently released 2019 Dairy Products Utilization and Production Trends survey.

Each year, ADPI collects market data from its members and other dairy industry participants on ways in which the whey-based and milk-based dairy ingredients they distribute are used.

Total USDA reported production of whey-based dairy ingredients for 2019 was 3.924 billion pounds (including an estimated 925.9 million pounds of whey permeate, down 3.7 percent from 2018.

Dry whey output last year totaled 977.6 million, down 2.2 percent from 2018.

Domestic dry whey utilization totaled 486.7 million pounds, up 19.3 percent from 2018, while exports totaled 338.4 million pounds, down 30.6 percent.

The dairy industry remained the primary use of dry whey in 2019, using 251.7 million pounds, up 28.9 percent from 2018, followed by prepared dry mixes and dry blends, 76.3 million pounds, down 9.2 percent; baking industry, 31.3 million pounds, down 15.6 percent; the confectionery industry, 27.2 million pounds, up 28.3 percent; and pudding/mousse, 22.5 million pounds, up 400 percent.

Whey protein concentrate production in 2019 totaled 490.8 million pounds, down 4.5 percent from 2018. Domestic WPC utilization totaled 268.9 million pounds, up 10.8 percent from 2018, while exports totaled 274.7 million pounds, down 16.7 percent.

Sports powders was the primary use of WPC in 2019, utilizing 98 million pounds, up 22.7 percent from 2018, followed by the dairy industry, 40.9 million pounds, up 6 percent; prepared dry mixes and dry blends, 30.6 million pounds, up 41.7; and infant formulas, 30.2 million pounds, up 10.2 percent.

Lactose production last year totaled 1.23 billion pounds, up 6 percent from 2018. Domestic lactose utilization totaled 390.7 million pounds, up 22.4 percent from 2018, while exports totaled 833.6 million pounds, down 3.6 percent.

The confectionery industry remained the primary use of lactose in 2019, using 143.4 million pounds, up 24.5 percent from 2018. Other key uses last year, with comparisons to 2018, included infant formulas, 115.8 million pounds, up 25.1 percent; prepared dry mixes and dry blends, 34.7 million pounds, up 29.5 percent; the dairy industry, 33.9 million pounds, up 25.1 percent; and nutraceuticals, pharmaceuticals, and special dietary use, 26.2 million pounds, up 46.4 percent.

Whey protein isolate production last year totaled 119.9 million pounds, down 1.4 percent from 2018. Domestic WPI utilization totaled 115.9 million pounds, up 2.7 percent from 2018, while exports totaled 14.7 million pounds, up 3.5 percent.

Sports bars was the primary WPI use in 2019, using 57.7 million pounds, up 4.7 percent from 2018, followed by prepared dry mixes and dry blends, 24.5 million pounds, up 3.4 percent; sports powders, 15.5 million pounds, up 7.6 percent; and sports beverages, 5.5 million pounds, down 25.7 percent.

Production of concentrated whey solids last year totaled 126.3 million pounds, up 15.6 percent from 2018. Domestic utilization totaled 116.7 million pounds, up 16.5 percent from 2018.

The dairy industry remained the primary use of concentrated whey solids in 2019, using 97.2 million pounds, up 12.6 percent from 2018.

In 2019, production of reduced lactose and reduced minerals whey totaled 56.3 million pounds, down 1.2 percent from 2018. Domestic use totaled 9.4 million pounds, down 9.6 from 2018. The confectionery industry remained the primary use, using 5.5 million pounds, down 5.2 percent from 2018.

Whey permeate production last year was estimated at 925.9 million pounds, down 17.1 percent from 2018.

Domestic utilization was an estimated 18 million pounds, down 17.1 percent. The dairy industry was the primary use, utilizing 11.2 million pounds, down 9.7 percent.

A total of 469 million pounds of whey products was used in animal feed last year, up 27.4 percent.

Milk-Based Dairy Ingredients
Total USDA reported production of milk-based dairy ingredients in was 3.65 billion pounds (including an estimated 109 million of milk permeate), up 2.6 percent.

Production of NDM and skim milk powder totaled 2.4 billion pounds, up 3.7 percent from 2018. Domestic utilization totaled 908.3 million pounds, up 11.6 percent, while exports totaled 1.55 billion pounds, down 1.6 percent.

Primary uses of NDM/SMP last year, with comparisons to 2018, were: dairy industry, 543.2 million pounds, up 23.5 percent; confectionery industry, 158.1 million pounds, down 24.8 percent; and prepared dry mixes and dry blends, 50 million pounds, up 98.4.

Within the dairy industry, hard cheese remained the primary use of nonfat dry milk/skim milk powder in 2019, using 195.5 million pounds, up 0.6 percent from 2018, followed by frozen desserts, 71.2 million pounds, down 0.7 percent; dry dairy blends, 36.4 million pounds, up 13.4 percent; and processed cheese, 22.8 million pounds, up 3.6 percent.
Production of dry whole milk in 2019 totaled 141 million pounds, down 2.2 percent from 2018.

Domestic use totaled 110.4 million pounds, down 11.8 percent from 2018, while exports totaled 63.9 million pounds, up 3.6 percent.
The confectionery industry remained the primary use, utilizing 74.8 million pounds of dry whole milk, down 10.4 percent.

Milk protein concentrate production totaled 161.8 million pounds, up 9.8 percent from 2018. Domestic MPC utilization totaled 180 million pounds, up 12.9 percent, while exports totaled 75.8 million pounds, up 7 percent.
Mainstream nutrition was the primary use of MPC in 2019, using 43 million pounds, up 8.3 percent from 2018, followed by sports beverages, 35.7 million pounds, up 14.1 percent; and the dairy industry, 33.4 million pounds, up 30 percent.

Production of dry buttermilk and buttermilk product last year totaled 118.3 million pounds, up 0.2 percent from 2018. Domestic use totaled 117.1 million pounds, up 0.2 percent from 2018.
The dairy industry was the primary use of dry buttermilk in 2019, using 63.7 million pounds, up 4.9 percent from 2018.

For more information about the survey, visit www.adpi.org.

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